In May 2013, photographer Stacey Evans captured Charlottesville sites from the same angles and perspectives as Rufus Holsinger did in the early part of the 20th century. Evans took her photographs with a digital camera and aligned her photographs with Holsinger’s in Photoshop. “One reason I create photographs is to capture how we shape time and space as we move through it. It was fun walking in Holsinger’s footsteps, attempting to stand exactly where he did,” Evans says. To create a photograph, Holsinger made an exposure on a piece of glass with light-sensitive coating, developed it and created a print in the darkroom. “It would take him at least an hour to see the results in negative form,” Evans says. “I see my results in an instant. I wonder what the output will be in another 100 years.”
Bridge of Scores
In the first years of the 20th century, University Avenue was dug out and a trestle was built over the road. Soon after, students began advertising the University’s football and baseball achievements on the bridge. The 1906 Holsinger photograph shows that the University’s athletic teams were very successful against Ivy League Teams. Today the Corner’s trestle is perhaps best known for the numerous trucks that get stuck beneath it.
Brown Milling Company
In the days of this 1917 Holsinger photograph, Brown Milling Company, like many other mills, not only processed grains, but did a lively business of exchange as well. Farmers drove large horse-drawn wagons loaded with wheat, corn, oats and rye, to the mill for a morning of selling and trading. Today, the building is home to HVAC contractor Beck-Cohen.
Albemarle County Court House
In 1761, the seat of Albemarle County was moved to Charlottesville from Scottsville. A courthouse was erected near the site of the left wing of the present structure. The Holsinger photograph was taken in 1910. In 1938 the court house was completely restored. The Monument to the Confederate Soldier with cannons on either side of it, unveiled in 1909, still stands in front of the court house today.
The Dome Room
Holsinger’s photograph shows the renovated Rotunda Dome Room, then used as the University’s library, designed by McKim, Mead & White after the fire of 1895. The firm redesigned the Rotunda in the Beaux Arts style, characterized by heavy use of classical detail and ornamentation, and increased the height of the Dome Room by removing a floor. In 1976, architecture professor Frederick Nichols led a massive renovation that completely gutted the interior to restore the Rotunda to Jefferson’s original plan. That interior remains today.
Main Street/The Monticello Guard
The Monticello Guard was formed in 1857 and was descended from other military units that had served Charlottesville from as early as 1758. Holsinger’s 1917 photo shows the Guard parading down East Main Street on their way to Camp McClellan, Alabama for training in trench warfare. The company served in the Meuse-Argonne and Chateau-Thierry sectors of France for most of World War I. It suffered heavy casualties in both dead and wounded.
Built in 1916, McGuffey School served the city’s grammar school children for more than 50 years. It was named after the educator, William Holmes McGuffey, who came to Charlottesville in 1845 as professor of moral philosophy at UVA. Today it is the city-owned McGuffey Art Center.
West Main Street
The 1917 Holsinger photo was taken at the top of Vinegar Hill, looking west. The Lewis and Clark statue was not yet erected. Vinegar Hill itself (once called Random Row) was filled with shops and homes, all long gone.
People’s National Bank
In 1916 construction of the People’s National Bank building was underway on East Main Street. Pictured are some of the leading businesses at that time: Waddell’s shoe store, Wood’s clothing store, Tilman’s department store and the Charlottesville Hardware Store. Today the building is a Bank of America.
Co-Operative Drug Company
The Co-Operative Drug Company in Holsinger’s photo was one of the early “chain” stores in the years before World War I. The profit sharing in the sign was in the form of a rebate given to customers who spent over a certain amount of money in a year. The building, on the corner of 3rd and Main streets, was previously owned by the City Confectionary Company. Rock Paper Scissors, a paper store, is on the site today.
Timberlakes’s Drug Store
The Holsinger picture shows Timberlake’s Drug Store shortly after it opened in 1917. In 1960 the building was completely renovated, including changing the façade back to its pre-1905 (the year of a major fire) look. Stacey Evans points out the difference in seasons in the Holsinger photograph and hers: “I like the fact most of his photographs in this series appear to be in the winter, no leaves on trees and sometimes snow. It’s a huge contrast in our perspectives.”
Holsinger’s 1915 photograph shows the Colonial Hotel, formerly an Annex of the Monticello Hotel on Court Square. The building date of the original tavern on this site is uncertain, but it was sometime before 1791. From that time on, it was the site of public entertainment. The tavern became the Colonial Hotel before World War I. The Colonial Hotel stayed in operation until the mid 1920s. Today it is an office building, currently for sale for $2.6 million.
Photo captions come partially from the book, Holsinger’s Charlottesville: A Collection of Photographs by Rufus W. Holsinger, by Cecile Wendover Clover and F.T. Heblich, Jr.
Holsinger photos courtesy of the University of Virginia Library. View the collection.