Charlottesville Then & Now

In May 2013, photographer Stacey Evans captured Charlottesville sites from the same angles and perspectives as Rufus Holsinger did in the early part of the 20th century. Evans took her photographs with a digital camera and aligned her photographs with Holsinger’s in Photoshop. “One reason I create photographs is to capture how we shape time and space as we move through it. It was fun walking in Holsinger’s footsteps, attempting to stand exactly where he did,” Evans says. To create a photograph, Holsinger made an exposure on a piece of glass with light-sensitive coating, developed it and created a print in the darkroom. “It would take him at least an hour to see the results in negative form,” Evans says. “I see my results in an instant. I wonder what the output will be in another 100 years.”

Bridge of Scores

In the first years of the 20th century, University Avenue was dug out and a trestle was built over the road. Soon after, students began advertising the University’s football and baseball achievements on the bridge. The 1906 Holsinger photograph shows that the University’s athletic teams were very successful against Ivy League Teams. Today the Corner’s trestle is perhaps best known for the numerous trucks that get stuck beneath it.

14th street rail bridge, 1906 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
14th street rail bridge, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Brown Milling Company

In the days of this 1917 Holsinger photograph, Brown Milling Company, like many other mills, not only processed grains, but did a lively business of exchange as well. Farmers drove large horse-drawn wagons loaded with wheat, corn, oats and rye, to the mill for a morning of selling and trading. Today, the building is home to HVAC contractor Beck-Cohen.

Brown Milling Company, 1917 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Brown Milling Company, 2013 photography by Stacey Evans

Albemarle County Court House

In 1761, the seat of Albemarle County was moved to Charlottesville from Scottsville. A courthouse was erected near the site of the left wing of the present structure. The Holsinger photograph was taken in 1910. In 1938 the court house was completely restored. The Monument to the Confederate Soldier with cannons on either side of it, unveiled in 1909, still stands in front of the court house today.

Albemarle County Court House, 1910 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Albemarle County Court House, 2013 photography by Stacey Evans

The Dome Room

Holsinger’s photograph shows the renovated Rotunda Dome Room, then used as the University’s library, designed by McKim, Mead & White after the fire of 1895. The firm redesigned the Rotunda in the Beaux Arts style, characterized by heavy use of classical detail and ornamentation, and increased the height of the Dome Room by removing a floor. In 1976, architecture professor Frederick Nichols led a massive renovation that completely gutted the interior to restore the Rotunda to Jefferson’s original plan. That interior remains today.

Rotunda Dome Room, vintage photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Rotunda Dome Room, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Main Street/The Monticello Guard

The Monticello Guard was formed in 1857 and was descended from other military units that had served Charlottesville from as early as 1758. Holsinger’s 1917 photo shows the Guard parading down East Main Street on their way to Camp McClellan, Alabama for training in trench warfare. The company served in the Meuse-Argonne and Chateau-Thierry sectors of France for most of World War I. It suffered heavy casualties in both dead and wounded.

East Main Street, 1917 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
East Main Street, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

McGuffey School

Built in 1916, McGuffey School served the city’s grammar school children for more than 50 years. It was named after the educator, William Holmes McGuffey, who came to Charlottesville in 1845 as professor of moral philosophy at UVA. Today it is the city-owned McGuffey Art Center.

McGuffey School, vintage photograph by Rufus Holsinger
McGuffey School, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

West Main Street

The 1917 Holsinger photo was taken at the top of Vinegar Hill, looking west. The Lewis and Clark statue was not yet erected. Vinegar Hill itself (once called Random Row) was filled with shops and homes, all long gone.

West Main Street, 1917 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
West Main Street, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

People’s National Bank

In 1916 construction of the People’s National Bank building was underway on East Main Street. Pictured are some of the leading businesses at that time: Waddell’s shoe store, Wood’s clothing store, Tilman’s department store and the Charlottesville Hardware Store. Today the building is a Bank of America.

People's National Bank, 1916 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
People's National Bank, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Co-Operative Drug Company

The Co-Operative Drug Company in Holsinger’s photo was one of the early “chain” stores in the years before World War I. The profit sharing in the sign was in the form of a rebate given to customers who spent over a certain amount of money in a year. The building, on the corner of 3rd and Main streets, was previously owned by the City Confectionary Company. Rock Paper Scissors, a paper store, is on the site today.

Co-Operative Drug Company, vintage photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Co-Operative Drug Company, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Timberlakes’s Drug Store

The Holsinger picture shows Timberlake’s Drug Store shortly after it opened in 1917. In 1960 the building was completely renovated, including changing the façade back to its pre-1905 (the year of a major fire) look. Stacey Evans points out the difference in seasons in the Holsinger photograph and hers: “I like the fact most of his photographs in this series appear to be in the winter, no leaves on trees and sometimes snow. It’s a huge contrast in our perspectives.”

Timberlakes’s Drug Store, 1917 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Timberlakes’s Drug Store, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Colonial Hotel

Holsinger’s 1915 photograph shows the Colonial Hotel, formerly an Annex of the Monticello Hotel on Court Square. The building date of the original tavern on this site is uncertain, but it was sometime before 1791. From that time on, it was the site of public entertainment. The tavern became the Colonial Hotel before World War I. The Colonial Hotel stayed in operation until the mid 1920s. Today it is an office building, currently for sale for $2.6 million.

Colonial Hotel, 1915 photograph by Rufus Holsinger
Colonial Hotel, 2013 photograph by Stacey Evans

Photo captions come partially from the book, Holsinger’s Charlottesville: A Collection of Photographs by Rufus W. Holsinger, by Cecile Wendover Clover and F.T. Heblich, Jr.

Holsinger photos courtesy of the University of Virginia Library. View the collection.

Comments

Lewis Lawson on 07/31/2018

Born and raised in Charlottesville. Great piece of history. Clark school.Lane High. Hogwalla.big hill.and rives street playing sandlot football. Andy Lawson mayor of Hogwalla. So many great memories. Thank you so much.

Mark Lee on 01/28/2018

Ever since I picked up a copy of the book “Holsinger’s Charlottesville,” I’ve been trying to do this very thing in my imagination. You’ve obviously taken great pains to find those viewpoints and focal lengths, and the result is breathtaking to view!

Rees Shearer on 01/11/2018

Stacey, you succeed in evoking confluence of time and place. It’s as if you’ve raise the blinds and 100 years have passed.

Kathy Shearer on 01/10/2018

Wonderfully skilled work represented here. The ability of Stacey to put herself in just the right location and use her camera to capture the perfectly aligned shot is amazing.

Wade joseph on 12/27/2017

Remember Otis at Belmont mkt ,the hill we use to sleigh ride on over near Barnes lumber yard ,going to little league football practice at the hogwalla ,we never won many games ,but Mr.Davis was a great coach,Mrs.Buford always letting me know how many times she had paddled my dad,things sure went to hell in a handbag

Wade joseph on 12/27/2017

Remember Otis at Belmont mkt ,the hill we use to sleigh ride on over near Barnes lumber yard ,going to little league football practice at the hogwalla ,we never won many games ,but Mr.Davis was a great coach,Mrs.Buford always letting me know how many times she had paddled my dad,things sure went to hell in a handbag

Demetrise Luck on 12/27/2016

What a wonderful comparison! I have been in charlottesville all of my 47 years and I can’t believe the transformation of this city! This made me proud to be a part of this fine city or town! Thank you so much!

Phil Odom on 11/30/2016

Wonderful job. Very thoughtful work which gives a real sense of how the city changed, especially since the early 1960’s. Thanks for the thorough research.

Jean Dearing on 08/07/2016

Great to see. Before my time, but I was born in 1949 so I do remember things looking much like this.  Thank you. Love it.

John McPherson on 08/05/2016

Lived in Charlottesville ‘49 - ‘55, 3rd - 8th grades. Came back for Belmont Boys Reunion in Spring ‘15. Judy Lynch gave me a tour of the town So impressed then and now by these pictures of the great preservation culture. I live 27 miles north of Houston (where they seem to replace everything every 25-50 years!) in The Woodlands Texas. Plan to be back with the Belmont Boys in ‘17!

Malcolm MacLeod, Jr. on 07/20/2016

What a pleasure revisiting my birthplace (1934). My father started a UVa in
1923, and built our home, a flint rock English style house on Woodrow St.
where Emmet St. made a sharp right southern turn on the Fry’s Spings Rd.,
now 29 south. A big day for me was a visit to Timberlake’s for lunch, always
the same chocolate soda with vanilla ice cream and a toasted tuna fish sand-
wich. Being so close to the Rotunda, we little kids used to play hide and go
seek in the Rotunda, which was always open and usually vacant. I remember
walking up down and up Vinegar Hill on my way to the Jefferson Movie Theater.
This beautiful photograph comparison was superbly done, and I’d love to see
more. Many, many thanks and kudos.

Marilyn Berard on 05/26/2016

Beautiful ‘show’ of a wonderful place!
Loved it all. Thank you

Marilyn Berard on 05/26/2016

Beautiful ‘show’ of a wonderful place!
Loved it all. Thank you

Marilyn Berard on 05/26/2016

Beautiful ‘show’ of a wonderful place!
Loved it all. Thank you

Cheri Kennedy Early on 05/25/2016

Stacy Evans, it has now been three years since you thrilled us all with your digital montage of historic downtown Charlottesville photos.  I do hope that you were given a grant to continued your fine work… because we all Want to see More! And I’m sure others, like Petersburg, will be clamoring for you to document their Old Towns in a similar fashion

Jini on 05/24/2016

I really enjoyed this, Thanks Stacey!

Aaron Fein on 05/24/2016

Just wanted to add my name to the long list to say thank you for such a thoughtful, painstaking, and professionally rendered project. - top notch!

Aeron on 05/22/2016

Lived in Charlottesville most of my life, left Virginia in 2015 to live in California.  I hope it stays true to itself, its a wonderful place to have grown up. Thanks for this, what a blast!